Everything You Should Know About Periodontal Diseases
Periodontal issues are one of the most common diseases affecting the American population. It contributes to other health issues, including Alzheimer’s, rheumatoid arthritis, pancreatic cancer, diabetes, strokes, heart issues, etc. People often end up losing their teeth after developing periodontal diseases as well. This illness is also referred to as periodontitis. It affects the surrounding gum tissues of the teeth as well as the jawbone attached to it. It leads to bacterial growth in the mouth, further escalating to teeth loss if not treated effectively. If you suspect any issues, visit the dentist office on 5th street to get the required remedy for your teeth.
Reasons Behind Periodontal Disease
Periodontitis is caused due to accumulation of plaque. The bacteria inside the mouth start mixing with mucus and food particles to create plaque. The buildup of plaque starts hardening to form tartar. The plaque does not get removed due to poor brushing habits. To protect against bacterial growth, inflammation occurs around the area near the teeth as defensive cells are released. The swelling of the gums leads to the creation of gaps between the teeth which further allows the development of even more bacterial growth.
Along with bacteria, tobacco consumption and hormonal issues like puberty, pregnancy, and menopause are also responsible for periodontal diseases. The genes, stress levels, and nutrients taken by the body play an essential role in periodontitis. Bruxism and other health problems are also associated with it.
Levels of Periodontal Disease
The problem of gingivitis includes inflamed gums of bone loss. The issue is mildly severe and can be reversed. It can develop into periodontal disease if it is not treated correctly. Even though inflammation occurs due to clock buildup on the teeth and gums, the tooth is still placed inside the socket. However, if the inflammation aggravates, it can lead to gum disease.
On the other hand, periodontal diseases are severe stages of inflammation in which damage occurs to the bone. The inflammation leads to the creation of space between the teeth and gum which starts deepening and ultimately causes more damage to the tissue as well as bones surrounding it. In the worst cases, it leads to the loss of a tooth.
Signs of Periodontal Diseases
The obvious symptoms of periodontal issues include swelling in the gums as well as the appearance of blood during flossing or brushing. The gums start lifting away from the teeth, which creates deep spaces between them. The appearance of pus can be seen in the spaces if the patient is affected with periodontal disease.